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目的原则和语境研究:人为中心说

来源: 责编:liaomz 作者:佚名 时间:2014-02-19 浏览:
 

本文载《外语教育研究》2013年第1期

目的原则和语境研究[1]

——人为中心说

廖美珍

 

    “语境这个概念尽管充斥于语用学、社会语用学、话语分析学和常人方法论这些领域,但是至今仍然含糊不清,几乎无法把握。”(Fetzer, Anita, 2004. p3)

 

中文摘要:传统的语境研究总的来说以静态为主,以外在环境为中心。本文从目的原则出发,强调以人为核心的语境,语境创造说,语境动态说,语境目的创造说。

关键词语:人,目的,目的原则,语境,动态,创造

英文摘要:While previous studies of context is characterized by a static approach which focuses too much on the external factors of the context the present paper features the speakers or conversational participants as the most important factor, as well as the importance of goal (s) of the speakers in the creation of the context, emphasizing the dynamics of the context and the creative aspect of the context. Rather than one adapts himself/herself to context, it is the speakers who create the context, or it is the context that is adapted to man, or more specifically, to the goal of the man.

关键词语:contextgoal, principle of goal-direction, dynamicscreation of context



[1] 本文系作者“目的原则与语境研究”系列论文之三,“目的原则与目的分析”系列论文之八。